A popular hill station situated between Mumbai and Pune in Maharashtra, Lonavala is known for its natural beauty and salubrious climate. Along with its twin town Khandala, Lonavala offers respite for those wishing to make a quick escape from Mumbai and Pune. Situated at a height of 625 meters above sea level, Lonavala is 110 km from Mumbai and 60 km from Pune.
History Lonavala derives its name from the Sanskrit word Lonavli which means caves. The host of caves like Bhaja, Bedsa and Karla, is believed to have helped the city gets its name. Because of its strategic location, various dynasties have vied for control of Lonavala and surrounding regions. Lonavla was a part of the Yadava dynasty which ruled the region from its capital at Devgiri. It was controlled by the Mughals too. Several forts including Lohagad, Tung and Tikona were handed over by Shivaji to the Mughals under Treaty of Purandar. Several forts in the region were important battle stations during the reign of Shivaji and subsequent Maratha rule. Lonavla and Khandala hill stations were discovered by Lord Elphinstone, the then Governor of Bombay Presidency in 1871.
Culture All festivals including Diwali, Holi and Navratri are celebrated with traditional pomp and gaiety in Lonavala. The New Year too is celebrated with much fervor. Ganesh Chaturthi and Krishna Janmashtami are also celebrated.